India is celebrating its 70th Republic Day on 26th January 2019. This day signifies the perseverance of constitution during tough times. This year we recapitulate Unity in Diversity. If we look back at India’s growth, we will find that it has evolved into a more diversified and stable country.
We cannot deny the fact that in India’s growth, education played a very significant role. During the formation of India’s constitution, the literacy rate was mere 19.3% which has increased to 74.04% as per the recent census.
This development in the literacy rate shows that the tremendous majors were taken in the past. Here I recollect Benjamin Franklin’s phrase, “An investment in knowledge pays the best interest” which India has proven. Several steps have been taken in the development of this sector.
The importance of education in the development of the nation was understood and the “Right to Education” was added in the list of fundamental rights of the citizen of India. In the development of the education sector several institutions like University Grand Commission, or UGC and the National Council of Education Research and Training, or NCERT were set up in 1956 and 1961 respectively.
Apart from these many schemes and flagships were introduced and of the biggest scheme is ” Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan” which a landmark step in the history of Indian education. It was constituted that compulsory free education would be provided to the children in the age group of 6-14 years.
This increased the number of schools, especially in rural areas where going to a school was distance dream for a poor. A mid-day meal programme was also launched to bring more students to the school and provide nutrition to the children.
There were several other initiatives taken like Rashtriya Madhyamik Sikhsha Abhiyan; different boards were formed. Along with regular education, India paved its path in the field of technical education as well. Institutions like IITs, NITs, AIIMs were formed.
Undoubtedly, these initiatives have improved the condition of education in the country but are we satisfied with the education standard and system in the country? The answer will be ‘NO’.
It was decided that 6 percent GDP will be invested in the education sector, but the reality is not hidden from us. Hardly 2-3 percent of GDP investment is done which of course is dissatisfactory and cannot be fulfilling for a country like India where achieving 100 % literacy is still a challenge.
Privatization, gender bias, lower access to quality education in rural India are some of the issues which the government needs to resolve.
With the commencement of the internet era, even the education sector has felt the transformation. Many e-learning platforms, online video etc. are available to contribute in addition to the formal way of educating people.
The government needs to take essential reforms for the development of the education industry. Along with the government, it’s the responsibility of the able citizen to contribute to this cause as far as possible.
Study Khazana, an e-learning platform has taken a step forward for the development of the education system in the country. It supplies free sample papers and tries to provide educational videos at a very affordable rate.
We will try to contribute our part with a hope to see an educated and 100 percent literate India.
Jai Hind, Happy Republic Day